Criminals, Business and State in Post-Soviet Ukraine


Dr. Vladimir Skvorets


On the thirtieth commemoration of Ukraine's independence, the present condition of the country highlights the necessity of contemplating the historical trajectory that post-Soviet Ukrainian society has traversed. This is not merely a retrospective consideration encompassing the past and present, but also, perhaps more crucially, a forward-looking assessment of Ukraine's future. While Ukraine exhibited a sense of cohesion and significant societal integration shortly after declaring independence, as evidenced by the outcomes of the All-Ukrainian referendum conducted on December 1, 1991, the year 2021 reveals a notable departure from these characteristics (State Archival Service of Ukraine, 2013). Present-day post-Soviet Ukrainian society has become fragmented, marked by discernible social fault lines. As Samuel Huntington (1996) observes, Ukraine is a nation divided along cultural lines, with two distinct civilizations. The fault line between these civilizations, demarcating the West from Orthodoxy, has bisected the nation for centuries (Huntington, 1996). Over the post-Soviet era, Ukraine has experienced a profound transformation in the role of the state, which has rapidly diminished in its capacity to effectively manage the fundamental pillars supporting society. Throughout this period, Ukrainian society has grappled with an enduring systemic crisis. The erstwhile Soviet framework of existence in Ukraine was dismantled, yet efforts to establish a novel system predicated on principles like market economy, human rights, and democracy have encountered significant challenges. While the contemporary Ukrainian society may project an appearance of stability, it conceals vulnerabilities to the deleterious trends stemming from its transformation, which are driven by three primary factors: the state, business entities, and criminal elements.

The article aims to delineate the roles played by criminality, business, and the state in the social governance of post-Soviet Ukraine.



Author Biography

Dr. Vladimir Skvorets, Zaporizhzhia National University

Vladimir Skvorets is a Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Sociology at Zaporizhzhia National University. Academician of the European Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Member of the Sociological Association of Ukraine. He is an author of 127 scientific and methodological publications, among them 3 monographs (one of them is collective), 7 manuals. He cooperates with representatives of public organizations that are engaged in the development of the debate movement in Ukraine (NGO "New Vision", Dnipro, "IDEA" and others).


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